How to use “Let …” sentence patterns in Chinese

“Let’s have a break!”

No, I’m just kidding. 🙂 Let’s finish today’s Learn Chinese Online lesson and then we can have a break.

If I ask you to repeat my opening sentence in Chinese, do you know how to say it? Before we answer that question, let’s learn some new Chinese words first.

Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Mandarin Pinyin English Definition
休息 休息 xiu1 xi5 rest; to rest;
rang4 to let sb do sth; to have sb do sth;
一起 一起 yi1 qi3 together
照看 照看 zhao4 kan4 to look after; to attend to
解决 解決 jie3 jue2 to solve (problems, issues)
问题 問題 wen4 ti2 question; problem; issue

 

Are you done with the new words now. If yes, let me explain how the opening sentence is said in Chinese:

让 ràng (Let) 我们 wǒmen (us) 休息 xiūxi (have a break) 一下 yīxià (for a little while) 吧 ba (exclamation particle)!

I’ll reprint it in clean text here:

让我们休息一下吧!

 

Basically you just need the following pattern to phrase your sentence for “Let’s …” sentence pattern:

 ràng (Let) 我们 wǒmen (us) + do something.

As a matter of fact, you can also take out the character “” to mean the same thing:

我们休息一下吧!

Then, is there any difference between the sentence with  and the sentence without ? Well, the difference is very subtle: using  sounds a bit more formal; not using  sounds more leisure. Well, generally speaking, they are same.

What if we’re not using “Let’s …” pattern, we just need to use “let” with other pronoun than “us”?

For example: “Let me take care of him!”

That’s no different from “Let’s …” sentence pattern. You can either start your sentence with or without . You’ll see this sentence in Chinese in the following examples. Please repeat with the recording to learn how to say them as well:

 

wǒmen yīqǐ xué Zhōngwén ba!

我们一起学中文吧!

Let’s study Chinese together!

 

ràng wǒmen yīqǐ xué Zhōngwén ba!

让我们一起学中文吧!

Let’s study Chinese together!

 

wǒ lái zhàokàn tā ba!

我来照看他吧!

Let me take care of him!

 

ràng wǒ lái zhàokàn tā ba!

让我来照看他吧!

Let me take care of him!

 

tā lái jiějué zhège wèntí ba!

她来解决这个问题吧!

Let her solve this problem!

 

ràng tā lái jiějué zhège wèntí ba!

让她来解决这个问题吧!

Let her solve this problem!

 

“Let” is also a favorite character in poems. A sentence like this has frequent appearance in Chinese poems or essays:

ràng chūn fēng chuī fǔ wǒ de chángfà.

让春风吹抚我的长发.

Let the spring breeze caress my long hair.

Are you clear on how to use “Let …” sentence pattern in Chinese now? If yes, let’s have a real break now. Before you go, tell me one “Let …” sentence in Chinese please.

Welcome to have my face to face lesson on http://www.verbling.com/teachers/dawei  !  🙂

Have yourself a wonderful weekend! See you next time!

 

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