What Chinese words could you use to express “finally”, “at last”?

My Learn Mandarin lesson series do not only cover grammar points, but also high frequent vocabulary patterns. In this lesson, we’ll explore what Chinese words we can use to express words like “finally“, “eventually“, “at last“, “in the end” etc. Those are words that are quite often used to conclude a story or the description of an event. I find that it’s very hard not to use these words if you need to tell people what happened in the end.

If you don’t know how to express them in Chinese, you might have to leave your suspense in the air for your Chinese listener by not properly concluding your story, or, you might confuse people in the order of time.

Well, after reading this post, I hope you will be able to deliver your ending in a perfect way. 🙂

Now, let’s get started. Usually, “finally” can be equivalently replaced by “最终 zuìzhōng” or “最后 zuìhòu“. However, depends on your context, words like “结果 jiéguǒ“, “终于 zhōngyú” or “总算 zǒngsuàn” can also be used. Sometimes they are swappable, sometimes they are not. There are no simple rules you can go by to decide which one to use. It really helps if you can learn and memorize the examples I show you here and re-enforce them moving forward. Those are some common patterns that you can reuse.

First of all, let’s start with new words first.

zuìzhōng zuìhòu jiéguǒ
最终 (final; ultimate;) 最后 (final; last; finally; ultimate;) 结果 (to bear fruit; at last)
zhōngyú zǒngsuàn shìgù
终于 (in the end; eventually;) 总算(at long last; finally;) 事故 (accident)
chízǎo fāshēng nǔlì
迟早(sooner or later) 发生(to happen; to occur;) 努力(great effort; to try hard)
bìng zhì hěn jiǔ
病(illness) 治 (cure; treatment) 很久(very long duration)

 

mèimei zuìzhōng méiyǒu qù shàngxué.

妹妹最终没有去上学.

My sister didn’t go to school at last.

 

sān gè yuè hòu, wǒ zǒngsuàn zhǎo dàoliǎo gōngzuò.

三个月后, 我总算找到了工作.

After three months, I finally found a job.

 

zhèyàng dehuà shìgù chízǎo huì fāshēng.

这样的话事故迟早会发生.

If we let it be, accidents are bound to happen eventually (sooner or later).

 

tā hěn nǔlì, dàn zuìhòu háishi méiyǒu guò.

她很努力, 但最后还是没有过.

She worked very hard, however she didn’t pass in the end.

 

māma de bìng zhì le hěn jiǔ, jiéguǒ háishi méi zhìhǎo.

妈妈的病治了很久, 结果还是没治好.

Mom has been treated for her disease for a long time, however she wasn’t cured in the end.

 

After learning and practicing these words in the example sentences, please randomly pick any Chinese articles from the web or any Chinese reading materials you have to see whether you can find the keywords you learned in this post. See what patterns they are used in the article and whether you can make out the meaning on your own.

In brief, the more you read, practice and memorized, the easier you’ll feel about using them.

Let me know if you have any questions or concerns. Feel free to leave your comment by using what you’ve learned today.

Welcome to have my face to face lesson on http://www.verbling.com/teachers/dawei  !  🙂

How to use “Once …” sentence pattern in Chinese

“Once he started, he can’t stop.”

Sometimes, you really need that particular sentence pattern to express your thoughts exactly the way you want.

Luckily for most of the sentence patterns in English, you can find their equivalent patterns in Chinese.

Today we’ll learn one. The exact counterpart of “Once …” pattern in Chinese is “ 一旦… … (yīdàn … jiù) “.

Let’s review new words first (very few).

yīdàn huì
一旦 (once) (rain)  (can, will)
tíng
(stop)

 

“ 一旦” comes from classic Chinese literature, it means “once”. “” means “then” in this sentence pattern. (Click here for more usages of “就”).

Now let’s translate the example at the very beginning of this lesson into Chinese:

yīdàn tā kāishǐ le, jiù bùhuì tíng le.

一旦他开始了就不会停了.

Once he started, he can’t stop.

 

You can add “他”at the beginning of the second sentence as well.

yīdàn tā kāishǐ le, tā jiù bùhuì tíng le.

一旦他开始了他就不会停了.

Once he started, he can’t stop.

 

Remember, in the second sentence, only “who” can be placed before “”. Anything else, including the verb has to follow “”.

However, sometimes, “” is not necessary, having it in the sentence or not doesn’t make any difference.

yīdàn tā zhīdàole, tā huì hěn gāoxìng de.

一旦她知道了她会很高兴的.

Once she knew, she will be very happy.

Are you clear now? If you’re not sure, let me give you a little quiz. Please use “一旦” sentence pattern to express the following sentence. Use the new word table to help you construct this sentence if you need:

Once it rained, it won’t stop.

 

… how well did you do? I’ll show the answer here …

yīdàn xiàyǔ, jiù bùhuì tíng.

一旦下雨就不会停.

Once she knows, she’ll be very happy.

Did you get it?

Now let me wish each one of you a beautiful summer week!

Welcome to have my face to face lesson on http://www.verbling.com/teachers/dawei  !  🙂

 

How to structure “however” and “but” sentence in Chinese

“However” and “but” in most cases can be directly translated into the following Chinese words.

however = 然而 rán’ér

but = 但是 dàn shì

Replacing “however” and “but” with the above words in your sentence should serve its purpose. Let’s move along then you’ll see how to structure this kind of sentences.

Please go through your new vocabulary drill first. 🙂

rán’ér dàn shì kě shì
[hanzi]然而[/hanzi] [hanzi]但是[/hanzi] [hanzi]可是[/hanzi]
however but but
bù guò xǐ huan jiàn
[hanzi]不过[/hanzi] [hanzi]喜欢[/hanzi] [hanzi][/hanzi]
but like quantifier
qún zi mǎi zhī chí
[hanzi]裙子[/hanzi] [hanzi][/hanzi] [hanzi]支持[/hanzi]
skirt  buy zhi chi
dú lì
[hanzi]独立[/hanzi]
independence

 

Done? Good, let’s learn them from examples:

I like this skirt, but I can’t buy it.

wǒ xǐhuan zhè jiàn qúnzi, dànshì wǒ bùnéng mǎi tā.

我喜欢这件裙子但是我不能买它.

 

They will support us. However, we should learn to be independent.

tāmen zhīchí wǒmen. rán’ér, wǒmen yīnggāi xuéhuì dúlì.

他们支持我们然而我们应该学会独立.

 

You’ll never need to reassemble the word order in the sentence due to adding “but” or “however” to your sentence. Just directly add 然而 rán’ér, or 但是 dàn shì to the beginning of the main sentence or the sub sentence. You can add a comma right after 然而 rán’ér or 但是 dàn shì to give a graceful break to your sentence. Or add them without comma.

Other than 然而 rán’ér or 但是 dàn shì可是 kě shì and 不过 can be used as the same meaning and in the same way. In fact, all four words are very similiar:

然而 rán’ér但是 dàn shì可是 kě shì不过 dàn shì

The only difference is “然而 rán’ér” is mostly used in writing, not speaking. The other three can be used both in writing and speaking.

Are you clear now? I don’t think it’ll be too difficult to come up some sentences to practice in this regards. So go ahead practice in your own way until the four words (at least two, OK?) can come to your lips easily whenever you need them.

Welcome to have my face to face lesson on http://www.verbling.com/teachers/dawei  !  🙂

How to count things in Chinese

HOW TO COUNT BASIC NUMBERS IN CHINESE?

 

If we need to talk about counting things in Chinese, then naturally we need to start with numbers in Chinese first. Please look at the table below to learn the basic 0 to 10 numbers in Chinese?

 

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
líng èr sān wǔ  liù bā  jiǔ  shí

 

You also need to learn the following new words before you move on. Let’s take a few moment to make friends with them:

bǎi qiān wàn
 (hundred)  (thousand)  (ten thousand)
běn shū
亿 (hundred million)  (quantifier)  (book)
píng guǒ shé tuǐ
苹果 (apple)   (snake)  (leg)
lǎo hǔ
 (chicken) 老虎 (tiger)  (quantifier)
tiáo zhǐ
(quantifier) (quantifier)

 

HOW TO COUNT NUMBERS GREATER THAN 10 IN CHINESE?

 

Numbers greater than ten is counted this way:

11, 12, 13 ……

shí·yī, shí’èr, shísān ……

十一,  十二,  十三 ……

 

When it reaches the next ten, write tens and the subsequent numbers as below:

20, 21, 22, 23 …….

èrshí, èrshí yī, èrshí èr, èrshí sān …..

二十,  二十一,  二十二,  二十三 …..

 

When it comes to hundred:

100, 101, 102 …

yī bǎi, yī bǎi líng yī, yī bǎi líng èr ……

一百,  一百零一,  一百零二 ……

 

When it reaches one thousand, it becomes:

1000, 1001, …… 1039 … 1341 …

yī qiān, yī qiān líng yī, …… yī qiān líng sānshí jiǔ …… yī qiān sān bǎi sì shí·yī ……

一千,  一千零一,  …… 一千零三十九 …… 一千三百四十一 ……

 

Whenever there’s one or more consecutive zeros in the middle of those digits, replace all zeros with “零” in Chinese.

 

If you move greater beyond thousand, then you’ll meet “万”:

10000 …… 10020……

yī wàn…… yī wàn líng èrshí……

一万…… 一万零二十……

 

If we keep going, you’ll see million and billion as well:

1 million = 1000,000

In Chinese, you say:

yī bǎiwàn

一百万

 

Then what about 1 billion?

1 billion = 1000,000,000

In Chinese, you say:

shíyì

十亿

 

Please be aware, “billion” is NOT equal to “亿”, it equals to “十亿”. This has been a common mistake for Chinese student when they learn English.

WHAT ARE CHINESE QUANTIFIERS?

 

Now you’ve got the concept of how to count in Chinese. However, you also need to know what is the right quantifier to use when you talk about things quantified. For example, to say “five books”, you can’t just say “五书”, you need to say 五本书 (wǔ běn shū)”. “本” is the quantifier you need to know. It’s normally used for “book like” things.

There are a bunch of quantifiers in Chinese that you need to learn, but I’ll focus on this topic in a separate lesson. In this lesson, you only need to remember the most frequently used quantifiers: “个” “条” and “只”.

“个” is used for most things that can be quantified, such as 九个人(jiǔ gèrén)”, “三个苹果 (sān gè píngguǒ)”……

 

“条” is used for things with long shape, such as 五条蛇 (wǔ tiáo shé)”, “两条腿 (liǎng tiáo tuǐ)”

 

“只” is mostly used for animals, such as 六只鸡 (liù zhǐ jī)”, “四只老虎 (sì zhǐ lǎohǔ)”

 

As a practice, try to type any random combination of the Chinese numbers you just learned into Google and search for Chinese articles that have numbers in it. See if you can figure out how much it is.

 

Welcome to have my face to face lesson on http://www.verbling.com/teachers/dawei  !  🙂

How to use 对… 来说 (as for…) sentence pattern in Chinese?

… 来说 duì tā láishuō sentence pattern is very useful when you need to describe feelings or opinions that are viewed from other’s perspective. Such as “as far as who is concerned…“, “as for …“, etc. It’ll be easier to explain it in an example:

 

duì tā láishuō, zhè fèn gōngzuò tài kūzào。

对他来说,这份工作太枯燥。

As for him, the job is too boring.

 

Got it? OK then, let’s have a quick review on the four new words first before we move on:

Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Mandarin Pinyin English Definition
枯燥 ku1 zao4 dry and dull; boring
残疾 殘疾 can2 ji2 disabled; handicapped
国家 國家 guo2 jia1 country
天堂 tian1 tang2 paradise; heaven

 

This sentence pattern is quite strict forward, just replace the “who” in the following pattern, then you can start your sentence with “As for …” or “As far as who is concerned…”.

 

对 + who + 来说, ……

 

Yes, comma is a must!

Let’s look at one more examples:

 

duì cánjírén láishuō, zhège guójiā jiùshì tiāntáng。

对残疾人来说, 这个国家就是天堂。

As for people that are disabled, this country is like a heaven.

 

Is that clear now? If yes, then please proceed to the following practice for today. Please use the sentence pattern you just learned to express the following two sentences. Feel free to leave your homework in the comment area, thanks!

Practice 1.   As for children, family is very important.

Practice 2.   As for university students, university is not simply a school.

 

Welcome to have my face to face lesson on http://www.verbling.com/teachers/dawei  !  🙂

 

Answer 1. 对孩子来说, 家庭很重要.

Answer 2. 对大学生来说, 大学不仅仅是个学校.

 

How to use the word “非常“ in Chinese

In this Learn Chinese lesson, we’ll focus on the sentence pattern that is using word “非常 fēicháng ”. Simply put, “非常 fēicháng ” = “very”.

However, the way it is used in Chinese is a bit tricky if you’re trying to duplicate the way “very” is used in English.

When I first started to learn English, I used to say “Very than you!” without feeling odd about the way I used “very”. My Chinese classmates inclined to make the same mistake as I did. Do you know why?

The reason behind this is due to the usage of “very” in Chinese is somewhat different:

You can use “非常” not only before adjectives, but also verbs!

Before we move on, let’s check out a few new words first:

Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Mandarin Pinyin English Definition
非常 非常 fei1 chang2 extreme; very;
感谢 感謝 gan3 xie4 (express) thanks; gratitude; thanks;
抱歉 抱歉 bao4 qian4 to be sorry; to feel apologetic; sorry!;
想念 想念 xiang3 nian4 to miss; to remember with longing;
讨厌 討厭 tao3 yan4 to dislike; to loathe;
特别 特別 te4 bie2 especially; particular;
相当 相當 xiang1 dang1 fairly; quite;
家乡 家鄉 jia1 xiang1 hometown

 

 

When you’re done with new words, let’s move on …

To use 非常 fēicháng before adjectives is just the same as “very” being used in English:

非常 + adjective = very + adjective

To use it before verbs is the focus of today’s lesson.

We can say “Thank you very much!” in Chinese like this:

非常感谢!   fēi cháng gǎn xiè!

感谢 gǎn xiè” has the same meaning as “谢谢 xiè xie”, but sounds more formal. However, if you want to use “非常” to emphasize your gratitude, you have to use “感谢 gǎn xiè” together with “非常  fēi cháng”, instead of “谢谢  xiè xie”. Using “非常感谢  fēi cháng gǎn xiè” in both oral or written circumstances are both OK.

Similar usage of “非常  fēi cháng” can be applied to “I’m so sorry.”

Use “非常抱歉 fēicháng bàoqiàn” or “非常对不起 fēicháng duìbuqǐ” . “抱歉 bàoqiàn” and “对不起 duìbuqǐ” both mean “apologize for …”.

There are some other verbs that can be used after “非常  fēi cháng” as well, such as :

非常看不起 fēicháng kànbuqǐ -> rather look down upon (somebody / something)
非常想念 fēicháng xiǎngniàn -> miss (somebody / something) very much
非常喜欢 fēicháng xǐhuan -> like (somebody / something) very much
非常讨厌 fēicháng tǎoyàn -> dislike (somebody / something) very much
etc.

But still, there are a lot more verbs can not be used this way. The rule to know whether the verb can be used after “非常” actually is quite straightforward:

As long as the verb can be used this way in English:

“verb + very much”
or “verb + a lot”

Then, that verb can be used after “非常  fēi cháng” in Chinese.

For example,

He hates his job very much.

他非常讨厌这份工作.

(tā fēicháng tǎoyàn zhè fèn gōngzuò.)

The alternatives of “非常” are:

 hěn, 特别 tèbié, 相当 xiāngdāng

 

You can use the above “very” words to do some practice until you can create your own sentences utilizing those words. The following is an example of ways to practice them. You’ll see four different ways of saying “Sister misses hometown very much.”

jiějie fēicháng xiǎngniàn jiāxiāng.

姐姐非常想念家乡.

 

jiějie hěnxiǎng niàn jiāxiāng.

姐姐很想念家乡.

 

jiějie tèbié xiǎngniàn jiāxiāng.

姐姐特别想念家乡.

 

jiějie xiāngdāng xiǎngniàn jiāxiāng.

姐姐相当想念家乡.

 

Is it clear to you now? Welcome to have my face to face lesson on http://www.verbling.com/teachers/dawei  !  🙂

How to say “Although …” sentence pattern in Chinese

Some Chinese sentence patterns are straightforward translation of the equivalent counterpart in English. There are not many variations for this kind of translation. Once you learned it once, you can use it in any context.

Today we’ll learn one sentence pattern of this kind in this Learn Chinese online lesson. Before we get into the core content, let’s have a quick review of the new words that you need to know first:

 jǐn guǎn  réng rán  hái shi
[hanzi]尽管[/hanzi] (although) [hanzi]仍然[/hanzi] (still) [hanzi]还是[/hanzi] (still)
 bù huì mǎi bàofēngyǔ
[hanzi]不会[/hanzi] (won’t) [hanzi]买[/hanzi] (buy) [hanzi]暴风雨[/hanzi] (storm)
 yǐ jīng shī bài
[hanzi]已经[/hanzi] (already) [hanzi]失败[/hanzi] (fail) [hanzi]次[/hanzi] (times)
 kē xué jiā  jiān chí  shí yàn
[hanzi]科学家[/hanzi] (scientist) [hanzi]坚持[/hanzi] (insist) [hanzi]实验[/hanzi] (experiment)
 zhēn shí  gǎn jué  gào su
[hanzi]真实[/hanzi] (real, true) [hanzi]感觉[/hanzi] (feelings) [hanzi]告诉[/hanzi] (tell)

 

Done? OK, let’s move on. The following example sentence is a typical “although” pattern in English:

“Although she likes the book, she won’t buy it.”

To translate it into Chinese, the first thing that we need to find out is the equivalent Chinese word for keyword “although”. Luckily there is a word with exactly the same meaning in Chinese:

尽管 jǐnguǎn

Normally, “尽管” will be working with “仍然 réng rán” or “还是 hái shi” to form the complete although pattern sentence. “仍然” or “还是” means “still” when they are used individually. This is a big difference between English and Chinese. In English, you usually don’t need any other words to help “although” to express the twist. But in Chinese, you usually do need another word to help “尽管” to complete the twist. “尽管” can also be used together with “ yě” in this kind of sentence. However, sometimes, “尽管” can also be used on its own.

Now let’s translate the example sentence into Chinese using the word combinations we just mentioned above:

jǐnguǎn tā xǐhuan zhè běn shū, tā háishi bùhuì mǎi de.

尽管她喜欢这本书她还是不会买的.

 

jǐnguǎn tā xǐhuan zhè běn shū, tā réngrán bùhuì mǎi de.

尽管她喜欢这本书她仍然不会买的.

Or simply take “还是” or “仍然” out. In this sentence, it still works!

jǐnguǎn tā xǐhuan zhè běn shū, tā bùhuì mǎi.

尽管她喜欢这本书她不会买.

 

Please pay attention to which position “还是” and “仍然” was placed in the sentence. It has to be before verb and after “who”:

 + 还是 + 不会买的

 

Let’s practice a bit more:

jǐnguǎn míngtiān yǒu bàofēngyǔ, bàba háishi yào qù shàngbān.

尽管明天有暴风雨爸爸还是要去上班.

Although it’s going to have storm tomorrow, Dad will still go to work.

 

jǐnguǎn yǐjīng shībài le hěn duōcì, kēxuéjiā réngrán zài jiānchí zuò shíyàn.

尽管已经失败了很多次科学家仍然在坚持做实验.

Although he has failed for so many times, the scientist still persists on doing his tests.

 

jǐnguǎn tā ài tā, tā háishi méiyǒu bǎ zìjǐ de zhēnshí gǎnjué gàosu tā.

尽管他爱她他还是没有把自己的真实感觉告诉她.

Although he loves her, he just can’t tell her his true feelings.

Is it clear to you now? Welcome to have my face to face lesson on http://www.verbling.com/teachers/dawei  ! 🙂

How to introduce yourself in Chinese

How do you introduce yourself in Chinese? This might be the most basic sentence pattern you need to know when you first start to learn Chinese. The good thing is only a few sentence patterns serve the purpose of this need:

 

wǒ shì David

我是David.

I am David.

Or …

wǒ jiào David

我叫David.

My name is David.

Or, simply …

David.

Let’s go through all new characters for this lesson in the following table first:

shì jiào zhè
 (is)  (call)  (this)
hǎo hāi lǎo shī
 (good)  (hi) 老师 (teacher)
zǎo shang xiàwǔ wǎn shang
早上 (morning) 下午 (afternoon) 晚上 (evening)

Please be careful that you don’t use the direct translation of “This is David” in Chinese to introduce yourself. You use that sentence pattern to introduce people beside you, while gesturing to the person you’re introducing.

You say:

zhè shì Joe

这是Joe.”

“This is Joe.”

This is a common way to introduce your friends to others.

Introduction normally come after greetings. The exact way you greet to people depends on the relationship between you and the other. But of course, the following greetings can be used to anybody:

nǐ hǎo

你好!

Hello!

 

zǎo shang hǎo

早上好!

Good morning!

 

xià wǔ hǎo

下午好!

Good afternoon!

 

wǎn shàng hǎo

晚上好!

Good evening!

 

If the people you meet is really close to you, you can greet each other with any “free style” lines following “Hi xxxx” (“嗨, xxxx!”) to kick start your conversation. Such as:

hāi , David

, David!

Hi David!

OK, now, let’s see how to give out more details in the introduction:

nǐ hǎo! wǒ jiào David. wǒ shì Zhōng wén lǎo shī

你好我叫David. 我是中文老师.

Hello! My name is David. I’m a teacher of Chinese.

Please pay attention to the sentence pattern we’re using here in the introduction above:

who + is + what.

This statement sentence pattern is very easy to understand and duplicate. Because in Chinese, there’s no conjugate. “是” (is) will always be “是” no matter which person it is used for.

Today’s lesson is to learn how to greet to people and introduce yourself in Chinese. It is the very first step to open up a conversation with Chinese. Practice introduction of yourself using the simple sentences you learned from today’s lesson.

You’re encouraged to paste an introduction of yourself in Chinese as your comment.

Welcome to have my face to face lesson on http://www.verbling.com/teachers/dawei  !  🙂

Have yourself a wonderful weekend! See you next time!

 

How to say “What about it?” in Chinese

WHAT IS THE EQUIVALENT COUNTERPART OF “WHAT ABOUT IT?” IN CHINESE?

 

Usually when we chat with each other on something, and you wanna know the other person’s opinion and feelings about the thing you are talking about, you’d always ask:”What about it?”.

In Chinese, there’s a phrase that is right for this purpose:

zěn me yàng?

怎么样?

What about it?

 

Before we continue, please study the following new words first as we always do.

zěn me yàng yīn yuè huì jīng cǎi
怎么样(what about it) 音乐会(concert) 精彩(wonderful)
duō shao duō cháng duō hǎo
多少(how much, how many) 多长(how long)  多好(how well)
wū zi xué sheng nà tiáo hé
 屋子(room)  学生(student)  那条河(that river)
zuò
(do)

 

“WHAT ABOUT IT” IN CHINESE CONTEXT

 

For example, when your friend is telling you he went to a concert last night. You can use that phrase (actually that short sentence if it is used solely as a question) to let your friend tell you more about the concert:

Your friend:

     wǒ zuótiān qù le yīnyuèhuì.

     我昨天去了音乐会.

I went to the concert yesterday.

 

You:

      zěnmeyàng

     怎么样?

What about it?

 

Your friend:

      é, hěn jīngcǎi!

     , 很精彩!

Oh, wonderful!

 

Your friend most likely will continue on revealing more and more details about the concert.

THE VARIOUS USAGE OF “HOW” IN CHINESE

 

In fact, “怎么”means “how”. We’ve introduced “how” question pattern in How to ask questions in Chinese (2). Here we need to expand a bit more on this topic again.

For “how” questions, if the questioning part can be totally replaced by “how”, then “how” can be replaced by  “怎么样”. If “how” is combined with other word, such as “how many”, “how long”, “how well” etc., then “how” should be replaced by “多…”:

how many -> 多少 (duō shao)

how long -> 多长 (duō cháng)

how well -> 多好 (duō hǎo)

It will be more clear once you’ve gone through the following examples:

wūzi lǐ yǒu duōshao xuésheng?

屋子里有多少学生?

How many students are in the room?

 

 

nà tiáo hé yǒu duō cháng?

那条河有多长?

How long is the river?

 

 

tā zuò dé yǒu duō hǎo?

她做得有多好?

How well did she do?

 

 

nǐ shì zěnmeyàng zuò de?

你是怎么样做的?

How did you do it?

Welcome to have my face to face lesson on http://www.verbling.com/teachers/dawei  !  🙂

Feel free to drop any questions in your comment. See you next time!

 

How to use character “的” in Chinese

I’d assume when you’ve followed my lessons to this far, and you’ve learned Chinese online for some time, you might have given it a try to read some Chinese by yourself. Have you ever been puzzled by the usage of character “的”? Have you ever wondered why it appears all over the place?

Remember when we were talking about “Chinese adjectives” we’ve got to know the very important use of “的” character in “turning a noun into an adjective”? Such as “大的” and “小的”.

Also in “turning noun into pronouns”, Such as “我的” and “你的”.

The above are only part of the magic that “的” character can do. There are more. Please look at this:

wǒ huì qù de. wǒ bùhuì qù de.

我会去的.  我不会去的.

I will go.  I will not go.

 

What on earth is this “” doing here?! “” is a verb, not a noun?!

Well, at least if you can tell “” is a verb instead of a noun, you’re progressing well :-).

Character “” can be used in willingness statement to emphasize the answer being positive or negative. It is placed at the end of the sentence that is having a willingness word.

It is as if to say “I will go, yes.”

Or, “I won’t go, no.”

There are some Chinese “helping characters” that have no equivalent counterparts in English. To understand them, you have to completely and thoroughly switch your mindset to Chinese. “的” is one of them. I’ve discussed in my previous lessons on another three helping characters in pattern character  and character .

 

The same function of “” can be used in “…  …” sentence pattern as well:

wǒ shì ài nǐ de.

我是爱你的.

I do love you.

 

wǒ shì bù ài nǐ de.

我是不爱你的.

I don’t love you at all.

 

The second sentence is grammatically correct, but not recommended to be used this way because it’s too hurtful and too blunt to express meaning like this. 🙂

” is used to enforce what you’re saying is true.

For your practice, please try to use “” in different sentence patterns that you’ve learned today. Feel free to share your sentences with me and other readers, thanks…

Welcome to have my face to face lesson on http://www.verbling.com/teachers/dawei  !  🙂